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quickfix plugin
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2 days ago


  use 'kevinhwang91/nvim-bqf'


require "paq" { 


The goal of nvim-bqf is to make Neovim's quickfix window better.

In today's era of floating windows, are you afraid to toggle quickfix window to make your eyes uncomfortable? Are you constantly jumping between the edit window and the quickfix window when you use quickfix window to refactor because of lacking a sustainable preview window? Do you think quickfix window lacks a fuzzy search function? At present, nvim-bqf can solve the above problems.

You really don't need any search and replace plugins, because nvim-bqf with the built-in function of the quickfix window allows you to easily search and replace targets.

So why not nvim-bqf?

Table of contents


  • Toggle quickfix window with magic window keep your eyes comfortable
  • Extend built-in context of quickfix to build an eye friendly highlighting at preview
  • Support convenient actions inside quickfix window, see Function table below
  • Support built-in buffer for preview perfectly
  • Fast start time compare with others lua plugins, which almost only spend time on lua require
  • Using signs to filter the items of quickfix window
  • Integrate fzf as a picker/filter in quickfix window


  • Provide statusline for information
  • Find a better way to list history and switch to one
  • Provide some useful functions to users
  • Add tests
  • Use context field to override the existed configuration



Preview with fzf needs a pipe command, Windows can't be supported. It must be stated that I'm not working under Windows.


Install nvim-bqf with your favorite plugin manager! For instance: Vim-plug:

Plug 'kevinhwang91/nvim-bqf'

The default branch is main, please upgrade vim-plug if you encounter any installation issues.

Minimal configuration

Plug 'kevinhwang91/nvim-bqf'

" if you install fzf as system package like `pacman -S fzf` in ArchLinux,
" please comment next line
Plug 'junegunn/fzf', { 'do': { -> fzf#install() } }

" highly recommended
Plug 'nvim-treesitter/nvim-treesitter', {'do': ':TSUpdate'}

The nvim-bqf's preview builds upon the buffers. I highly recommended to use nvim-treesitter to do syntax to the buffer, because vim's syntax is very lagging and is extremely bad for the user experience in large files.


  1. If you are familiar with quickfix, use quickfix as usual.
  2. If you don't know quickfix well, you can run :vimgrep /\w\+/j % | copen under a buffer inside nvim to get started quickly.
  3. If you want to taste quickfix like demo, check out Integrate with other plugins, and pick up the configuration you like.

Filter with signs

  1. Press <Tab> or <S-Tab> to toggle the sign of item
  2. Press zn or zN will create new quickfix list

Fzf mode

Press zf in quickfix window will enter fzf mode.

fzf in nvim-bqf supports ctrl-t/ctrl-x/ctrl-v key bindings that allow you to open up an item in a new tab, a new horizontal split, or in a new vertical split.

fzf becomes a quickfix filter and create a new quickfix list when multiple items are selected and accepted.

fzf also support ctrl-q to toggle items' sign.

Filter items with signs demo

Key input sequence: <Tab>j<Tab>zn<zN>zf^^<C-o><C-q>zf<C-o><C-q>

input ^^ in fzf will find all signed items, ctrl-o in fzf mode has bind toggle-all

Search and replace demo

Using external grep-like program to search qftool and replace it to mytool, but filter fzf.lua file.

Demonstrating batch undo just show that quickfix has this feature


Setup and description

root = {
    auto_enable = {
        description = [[enable nvim-bqf in quickfix window automatically]],
        default = true
    magic_window = {
        description = [[give the window magic, when the window is splited horizontally, keep
            the distance between the current line and the top/bottom border of neovim unchanged.
            It's a bit like a floating window, but the window is indeed a normal window, without
            any floating attributes.]],
        default = true
    auto_resize_height = {
        description = [[resize quickfix window height automatically.
            Shrink higher height to size of list in quickfix window, otherwise extend height
            to size of list or to default height (10)]],
        default = true
    preview = {
        auto_preview = {
            description = [[enable preview in quickfix window automatically]],
            default = true
        border_chars = {
            description = [[border and scroll bar chars, they respectively represent:
                vline, vline, hline, hline, ulcorner, urcorner, blcorner, brcorner, sbar]],
            default = {'│', '│', '─', '─', '╭', '╮', '╰', '╯', '█'}
        delay_syntax = {
            description = [[delay time, to do syntax for previewed buffer, unit is millisecond]],
            default = 50
        win_height = {
            description = [[the height of preview window for horizontal layout]],
            default = 15
        win_vheight = {
            description = [[the height of preview window for vertical layout]],
            default = 15
        wrap = {
            description = [[wrap the line, `:h wrap` for detail]],
            default = false
    func_map = {
        description = [[the table for {function = key}]],
        default = [[see ###Function table for detail]],
    filter = {
        fzf = {
            action_for = {
                ['ctrl-t'] = {
                    description = [[press ctrl-t to open up the item in a new tab]],
                    default = 'tabedit'
                ['ctrl-v'] = {
                    description = [[press ctrl-v to open up the item in a new vertical split]],
                    default = 'vsplit'
                ['ctrl-x'] = {
                    description = [[press ctrl-x to open up the item in a new horizontal split]],
                    default = 'split'
                ['ctrl-q'] = {
                    description = [[press ctrl-q to toggle sign for the selected items]],
                    default = 'signtoggle'
            extra_opts = {
                description = 'extra options for fzf',
                default = {'--bind', 'ctrl-o:toggle-all'}

Before loading any modules, lua print(vim.inspect(require('bqf.config'))) will show you everything about current configuration.

Function table

Function only works in the quickfix window, keys can be customized by lua require('bqf').setup({func_map = {}}).

You can reference Customize configuration to configure func_map.

Function Action Def Key
open open the item under the cursor <CR>
openc like open, and close quickfix window o
tab open the item under the cursor in a new tab t
tabb like tab, but stay at quickfix window T
split open the item under the cursor in vertical split <C-x>
vsplit open the item under the cursor in horizontal split <C-v>
prevfile go to previous file under the cursor <C-p>
nextfile go to next file under the cursor <C-n>
prevhist go to previous quickfix list <
nexthist go to next quickfix list >
stoggleup toggle sign and move cursor up <S-Tab>
stoggledown toggle sign and move cursor down <Tab>
stogglevm toggle multiple signs in visual mode <Tab>
stogglebuf toggle signs for same buffers under the cursor '<Tab>
sclear clear the signs in current quickfix list z<Tab>
pscrollup scroll up half-page in preview window <C-b>
pscrolldown scroll down half-page in preview window <C-f>
pscrollorig scroll back to original postion in preview window zo
ptogglemode toggle preview window between normal and max size zp
ptoggleitem toggle preview for an item of quickfix list p
ptoggleauto toggle auto preview when cursor moved P
filter create new list for signed items zn
filterr create new list for non-signed items zN
fzffilter enter fzf mode zf

Buffer Commands

  • BqfEnable: Enable nvim-bqf in quickfix window
  • BqfDisable: Disable nvim-bqf in quickfix window
  • BqfToggle: Toggle nvim-bqf in quickfix window


  • BqfAutoToggle: Toggle nvim-bqf enable automatically

Quickfix context

Vim grant users an ability to stuff a context to quickfix, please run :help quickfix-context for detail.

Why use an additional context?

nvim-bqf will use the context to implement missing features of quickfix. If you are familiar with quickfix, you know quickfix only contains lnum and col to locate a position in an item, but lacks of range. To get better highlighting experience, nvim-bqf processeds the vim regrex pattern and lsp range from the context additionally.

The context's format that can be processed by nvim-bqf is:

" vimscript
let context = {'context': {'bqf': {}}}
-- lua
local context = {context = {bqf = {}}}

nvim-bqf only occupies a key of context, which makes nvim-bqf get along well with other plugins in context of the quickfix window.

Supported keys

context = {
    bqf = {
        pattern_hl = {
            description = [[search pattern from current position]],
            type = 'string'
        lsp_ranges_hl = {
            description = [[a list of lsp range. The length of list is equal to the items',
            and each element corresponds one to one]],
            type = 'list in vimscript | table in lua'


Simple vimscript tests for understanding

function s:create_qf()
    let bufnr = bufnr('%')
    for i in range(1, 3)
        call setline(i, i .. ' | ' .. strftime("%F"))

    call setqflist([{'bufnr': bufnr, 'lnum': 1, 'col': 5},
                \  {'bufnr': bufnr, 'lnum': 2, 'col': 10},
                \  {'bufnr': bufnr, 'lnum': 3, 'col': 13}])

function! Test_bqf_pattern()
    call s:create_qf()
    call setqflist([], 'r', {'context': {'bqf': {'pattern_hl': '\d\+'}},
                \ 'title': 'pattern_hl'})

function! Test_bqf_lsp_ranges()
    call s:create_qf()
    let lsp_ranges = []
    call add(lsp_ranges, {
                \ 'start': {'line': 0, 'character': 4},
                \ 'end': {'line': 0, 'character': 8}
                \ })
    call add(lsp_ranges, {
                \ 'start': {'line': 1, 'character': 9},
                \ 'end': {'line': 1, 'character': 11}
                \ })
    call add(lsp_ranges, {
                \ 'start': {'line': 2, 'character': 12},
                \ 'end': {'line': 2, 'character': 14}
                \ })
    call setqflist([], 'r', {'context': {'bqf': {'lsp_ranges_hl': lsp_ranges}},
                \ 'title': 'lsp_ranges_hl'})

" Save me, source me. Run `call Test_bqf_pattern()` and `call Test_bqf_lsp_ranges()`

nvim-bqf actually works with context in Integrate with other plugins.

Highlight groups

hi default link BqfPreviewFloat Normal
hi default link BqfPreviewBorder Normal
hi default link BqfPreviewCursor Cursor
hi default link BqfPreviewRange IncSearch
hi default BqfSign ctermfg=14 guifg=Cyan
  • BqfPreviewFloat: highlight floating window
  • BqfPreviewBorder: highlight border of floating window
  • BqfPreviewCursor: highlight the cursor format [lnum, col] in preview window
  • BqfPreviewRange: highlight the range format [lnum, col, range], pattern_hl and lsp_ranges_hl
  • BqfSign: highlight the sign in quickfix window

Advanced configuration

Customize configuration

call plug#begin('~/.config/nvim/plugged')

Plug 'kevinhwang91/nvim-bqf'

Plug 'junegunn/fzf', { 'do': { -> fzf#install() } }

call plug#end()

hi BqfPreviewBorder guifg=#50a14f ctermfg=71
hi link BqfPreviewRange Search

lua <<EOF
    auto_enable = true,
    preview = {
        win_height = 12,
        win_vheight = 12,
        delay_syntax = 80,
        border_chars = {'┃', '┃', '━', '━', '┏', '┓', '┗', '┛', '█'}
    func_map = {
        vsplit = '',
        ptogglemode = 'z,',
        stoggleup = ''
    filter = {
        fzf = {
            action_for = {['ctrl-s'] = 'split'},
            extra_opts = {'--bind', 'ctrl-o:toggle-all', '--prompt', '> '}

Integrate with other plugins

call plug#begin('~/.config/nvim/plugged')

Plug 'kevinhwang91/nvim-bqf'

Plug 'junegunn/fzf', { 'do': { -> fzf#install() } }

Plug 'neoclide/coc.nvim'

" :h CocLocationsChange for detail
let g:coc_enable_locationlist = 0
aug Coc
    au User CocLocationsChange ++nested call Coc_qf_jump2loc(g:coc_jump_locations)
aug END

" if you use coc-fzf, you should disable its CocLocationsChange event make
" bqf work for <Plug>(coc-references)
" au VimEnter * au! CocFzfLocation User CocLocationsChange
nmap <silent> gr <Plug>(coc-references)
nnoremap <silent> <leader>qd <Cmd>call Coc_qf_diagnostic()<CR>

function! Coc_qf_diagnostic() abort
    let diagnostic_list = CocAction('diagnosticList')
    let items = []
    let loc_ranges = []
    for d in diagnostic_list
        let text = printf('[%s%s] %s', (empty(d.source) ? 'coc.nvim' : d.source),
                    \ (d.code ? ' ' . d.code : ''), split(d.message, '\n')[0])
        let item = {'filename': d.file, 'lnum': d.lnum, 'col': d.col, 'text': text, 'type':
                    \ d.severity[0]}
        call add(loc_ranges, d.location.range)
        call add(items, item)
    call setqflist([], ' ', {'title': 'CocDiagnosticList', 'items': items,
                \ 'context': {'bqf': {'lsp_ranges_hl': loc_ranges}}})
    botright copen

function! Coc_qf_jump2loc(locs) abort
    let loc_ranges = map(deepcopy(a:locs), 'v:val.range')
    call setloclist(0, [], ' ', {'title': 'CocLocationList', 'items': a:locs,
                \ 'context': {'bqf': {'lsp_ranges_hl': loc_ranges}}})
    let winid = getloclist(0, {'winid': 0}).winid
    if winid == 0
        aboveleft lwindow
        call win_gotoid(winid)

Plug 'mhinz/vim-grepper'

aug Grepper
    au User Grepper call setqflist([], 'r',
                \ {'context': {'bqf': {'pattern_hl': histget('/')}}}) |
                \ botright copen
aug END

let g:grepper = {
            \ 'open': 0,
            \ 'quickfix': 1,
            \ 'searchreg': 1,
            \ 'highlight': 0,
            \ }

" try `gsiw` under word
nmap gs  <plug>(GrepperOperator)
xmap gs  <plug>(GrepperOperator)

call plug#end()


  • If you get an issue or come up with an awesome idea, don't hesitate to open an issue in github.
  • If you think this plugin is useful or cool, consider rewarding it a star.


The project is licensed under a BSD-3-clause license. See LICENSE file for details.