nvim-treesitter/nvim-treesitter-textobjects

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CREATED

2020-09-20

UPDATED

2 days ago


nvim-treesitter-textobjects

Syntax aware text-objects, select, move, swap, and peek support.

Warning: tree-sitter and nvim-treesitter are an experimental feature of nightly versions of Neovim. Please consider the experience with this plug-in as experimental until tree-sitter support in Neovim is stable! We recommend using the nightly builds of Neovim or the latest stable version.

Installation

You can install nvim-treesitter-textobjects with your favorite package manager, or using the default pack feature of Neovim!

Using a package manager

If you are using vim-plug, put this in your init.vim file:

Plug 'nvim-treesitter/nvim-treesitter', {'do': ':TSUpdate'}
Plug 'nvim-treesitter/nvim-treesitter-textobjects'

Text objects: select

Define your own text objects mappings similar to ip (inner paragraph) and ap (a paragraph).

lua <<EOF
require'nvim-treesitter.configs'.setup {
  textobjects = {
    select = {
      enable = true,

      -- Automatically jump forward to textobj, similar to targets.vim
      lookahead = true,

      keymaps = {
        -- You can use the capture groups defined in textobjects.scm
        ["af"] = "@function.outer",
        ["if"] = "@function.inner",
        ["ac"] = "@class.outer",
        ["ic"] = "@class.inner",
      },
      -- You can choose the select mode (default is charwise 'v')
      selection_modes = {
        ['@parameter.outer'] = 'v', -- charwise
        ['@function.outer'] = 'V', -- linewise
        ['@class.outer'] = '<c-v>', -- blockwise
      },
      -- If you set this to `true` (default is `false`) then any textobject is
      -- extended to include preceding xor succeeding whitespace. Succeeding
      -- whitespace has priority in order to act similarly to eg the built-in
      -- `ap`.
      include_surrounding_whitespace = true,
    },
    },
  },
}
EOF

Text objects: swap

Define your own mappings to swap the node under the cursor with the next or previous one, like function parameters or arguments.

lua <<EOF
require'nvim-treesitter.configs'.setup {
  textobjects = {
    swap = {
      enable = true,
      swap_next = {
        ["<leader>a"] = "@parameter.inner",
      },
      swap_previous = {
        ["<leader>A"] = "@parameter.inner",
      },
    },
  },
}
EOF

Text objects: move

Define your own mappings to jump to the next or previous text object. This is similar to ]m, [m, ]M, [M Neovim's mappings to jump to the next or previous function.

lua <<EOF
require'nvim-treesitter.configs'.setup {
  textobjects = {
    move = {
      enable = true,
      set_jumps = true, -- whether to set jumps in the jumplist
      goto_next_start = {
        ["]m"] = "@function.outer",
        ["]]"] = "@class.outer",
      },
      goto_next_end = {
        ["]M"] = "@function.outer",
        ["]["] = "@class.outer",
      },
      goto_previous_start = {
        ["[m"] = "@function.outer",
        ["[["] = "@class.outer",
      },
      goto_previous_end = {
        ["[M"] = "@function.outer",
        ["[]"] = "@class.outer",
      },
    },
  },
}
EOF

Textobjects: LSP interop

  • peek_definition_code: show textobject surrounding definition as determined using Neovim's built-in LSP in a floating window. Press the shortcut twice to enter the floating window (when https://github.com/neovim/neovim/pull/12720 or its successor is merged)
lua <<EOF
require'nvim-treesitter.configs'.setup {
  textobjects = {
    lsp_interop = {
      enable = true,
      border = 'none',
      peek_definition_code = {
        ["<leader>df"] = "@function.outer",
        ["<leader>dF"] = "@class.outer",
      },
    },
  },
}
EOF

Overriding or extending textobjects

Textobjects are defined in the textobjects.scm files. You can extend or override those files by following the instructions at https://github.com/nvim-treesitter/nvim-treesitter#adding-queries. You can also use a custom capture for your own textobjects, and use it in any of the textobject modules, for example:

-- after/queries/python/textobjects.scm

(function_definition) @custom-capture
lua <<EOF
require'nvim-treesitter.configs'.setup {
  textobjects = {
    select = {
      enable = true,
      keymaps = {
        -- Your custom capture.
        ["aF"] = "@custom-capture",

        -- Built-in captures.
        ["af"] = "@function.outer",
        ["if"] = "@function.inner",
      },
    },
  },
}
EOF

Built-in Textobjects

  1. @attribute.inner
  2. @attribute.outer
  3. @block.inner
  4. @block.outer
  5. @call.inner
  6. @call.outer
  7. @class.inner
  8. @class.outer
  9. @comment.outer
  10. @conditional.inner
  11. @conditional.outer
  12. @frame.inner
  13. @frame.outer
  14. @function.inner
  15. @function.outer
  16. @loop.inner
  17. @loop.outer
  18. @parameter.inner
  19. @parameter.outer
  20. @scopename.inner
  21. @statement.outer