vijaymarupudi/nvim-fzf

github github
fuzzy-finder plugin
star 191
stars
alert-circle 3
open issues
users 4
subscribers
git-branch 9
forks
CREATED

2021-01-02

UPDATED

6 hours ago

packer

require('packer').startup(function()
  use 'vijaymarupudi/nvim-fzf'
end)

paq

require "paq" { 
  'vijaymarupudi/nvim-fzf'
}

nvim-fzf

An asynchronous Lua API for using fzf in Neovim (>= 0.5). Allows for full asynchronicity for UI speed and usability.

Preview:

Note how in the example above, information is passed freely between neovim and fzf. Neovim is previewing the buffer in a split that you have selected in fzf. Using this library, you can perform anything in response to fzf events and keybindings.

Some handcrafted useful commands at

Requirements

  • fzf binary

Usage

local fzf = require("fzf")

coroutine.wrap(function()
  local result = fzf.fzf({"choice 1", "choice 2"}, "--ansi")
  -- result is a list of lines that fzf returns, if the user has chosen
  if result then
    print(result[1])
  end
end)()

Table of contents

Installation

Plug 'vijaymarupudi/nvim-fzf'

Important information

You should run all the functions in this module in a coroutine. This allows for an easy api

Example:

local fzf = require("fzf")

coroutine.wrap(function()
  local result = fzf.fzf({"choice 1", "choice 2"})
  if result then
    print(result[1])
  end
end)()

API Functions

Require this plugin using local fzf = require('fzf')

  • fzf.fzf(contents, [fzf_cli_args], [options])

    An fzf function that opens a centered floating window and closes it after the user has chosen.

    Example:

    local results = fzf.fzf({"Option 1", "Option 2"}, "--nth 1")
    if results then
      -- do something
    end
    

    options: an optional table, taking optional settings. You can use this to change the default floating window behavior or the fzf binary.

    • options.width (number): width of the window
    • options.height (number): height of the window
    • options.row (number): row from top where window starts
    • options.col (number): column from left where window starts
    • options.relative ('win', 'editor', 'cursor'): window position relative to
    • options.border (boolean | string | table, default: true): whether to display a border
      • if border is false, a border won't be shown
      • if border is true, a rounded border will be shown
      • if border is anything else, it is passed directly to nvim_open_win
    • options.window_on_create (function): a function that's called after the window is created. Use this function to configure the various properties of the window such as background highlight group.
    • options.fzf_binary (string): The name (or path) of the fzf (or skim) executable.
    • options.fzf_cwd (string): The path of the working directory to run the fzf command in.
    • options.fzf_cli_args (string): Additional fzf command line arguments to prepend to the arguments supplied to the fzf functions. This is only useful when used in conjunction with fzf.default_options.

    NOTE: options inherits its properties from fzf.default_options. If you'd like to change the defaults for all nvim-fzf functions, modify this table e.g. require("fzf").default_options = { border = false }

    Example:

    local results = fzf.fzf({"Option 1", "Option 2"},
      "--nth 1",
      { width = 30, height = 10, border = false })
    if results then
      -- do something
    end
    
  • fzf.fzf_relative(contents, [fzf_cli_args], [options])

    An fzf function that opens a centered floating window relative to the current split and closes it after the user has chosen. (Same as setting options.relative = 'win')

    Example:

    local results = fzf.fzf_relative({"Option 1", "Option 2"}, "--nth 1")
    if results then
      -- do something
    end
    

    options: an optional table taking optional settings. See fzf.fzf for information on settings.

  • fzf.provided_win_fzf(contents, [fzf_cli_args], [options])

    Runs fzf in the current window, and closes it after the user has chosen. Allows for the user to provide the fzf window.

    -- for a vertical fzf
    vim.cmd [[ vertical new ]]
    fzf.provided_win_fzf(contents, fzf_cli_args)
    
  • fzf.raw_fzf(contents, [fzf_cli_args], [options])

    An fzf function that runs fzf in the current window. See Main API for more details about the general API.

NOTE: nvim-fzf inherits nvim's environmental variables. This means that options in $FZF_DEFAULT_OPTS and other environment variables are respected. You can override them using command line switches or :let-environment.

Main API

fzf(contents, [fzf_cli_args])

  • contents

    • if string: a shell command

      local result = fzf("fd")
      
    • if table: a list of strings or string convertibles

      local result = fzf({1, 2, "item"})
      
    • if function: calls the function with a callback function to write vals to the fzf pipe. This api is asynchronous, making it possible to use fzf for long running applications and making the user interface snappy. Callbacks can be concurrent.

      • cb(value, finished_cb)

        • value: A value to write to fzf
        • finished_cb(err): A callback called with an err if there is an error writing the value to fzf. This can occur if the user has already picked a value in fzf.
      local result = fzf(function(cb)
        cb("value_1", function(err)
          -- this error can happen if the user has already chosen a value
          -- before the information was sent to fzf
          if err then
            return
          end
          cb("value_2", function(err)
            if err then
              return
            end
            cb(nil) -- to close the pipe to fzf, this removes the loading
                    -- indicator in fzf
          end)
        end)
      end)
      
  • fzf_cli_args: string, A list of command line arguments for fzf.

    Can use to expect different key bindings (e.g. --expect ctrl-t,ctrl-v), previews, and coloring.

  • return values

    • table, the lines that fzf returns in the shell as a table. If not lines are returned by fzf, the function returns nil for an easy conditional check.

      local result = fzf("fd")
      if result then
        -- do something with result[1]
      end
      
      local result = fzf("fd", "--multi")
      if result then
        -- do something with result[1] to result[#result]
      end
      
      local result = fzf("fd", "--expect=ctrl-t")
      if result then
        if result[1] == "ctrl-t" then
          -- do something with result[2]
        else
          -- do something with result[2]
        end
      end
      
    • number: Representing fzf's exit code.

Action API (fzf Previews, Bindings, Actions in Lua)

Sometimes you want to use neovim information in fzf (such as previews of non file buffers, bindings to delete buffers, or change colorschemes). fzf expects a shell command for these parameters. Making your own shell command and setting up RPC can be cumbersome. This plugin provides an easy API to run a lua function / closure in response to these actions.

local fzf = require "fzf".fzf
local action = require "fzf.actions".action

coroutine.wrap(function()
  -- items is a table of selected or hovered fzf items
  local shell = action(function(items, fzf_lines, fzf_cols)
    -- only one item will be hovered at any time, so get the selection
    -- out and convert it to a number
    local buf = tonumber(items[1])

    -- you can return either a string or a table to show in the preview
    -- window
    return vim.api.nvim_buf_get_lines(buf, 0, -1, false)
  end)

  fzf(vim.api.nvim_list_bufs(), "--preview " .. shell)
end)()

require("fzf.actions").action(fn, [fzf_field_expression])

  • fn(selections, fzf_lines, fzf_cols): A function that takes a selection, performs an action, and optionally returns either a table or string to print to stdout. This command is shell-escaped, so that you can easily append it to the --preview fzf cli argument.

    • selections: a table of strings selected in fzf
    • fzf_lines: number of lines in the preview window i.e. $FZF_PREVIEW_LINES
    • fzf_cols: number of cols in the preview window i.e. $FZF_PREVIEW_COLS
  • fzf_field_expression (string, optional, default: "{+}"): This fzf field expression determines what items are sent to the action function.

  • return value: a shell-escaped string to append to the fzf command line arguments (fzf_cli_args) for fzf to run.

require("fzf.actions").raw_action(fn, [fzf_field_expression])

  • Same as above, except it is not shell-escaped, so you can use it for complicated --bind functions. Take care to escape the result of this function before using it, as it contains spaces and quotes.

    local fzf = require("fzf").fzf
    local raw_action = require("fzf.actions").raw_action
    
    local raw_act_string = raw_action(function(args)
      -- do something with the args
    end)
    
    local bind_string =
    vim.fn.shellescape(string.format("--bind=ctrl-r:reload(%s)",
    raw_act_string))
    
    coroutine.wrap(function()
      fzf({1, 2, 3, 4}, "--multi " .. bind_string)
    end)()
    

require("fzf.actions").async_action(fn, [fzf_field_expression])

  • fn(pipe, selections, fzf_lines, fzf_cols): Similar to action(...), but fn is passed an additional argument, the libuv / vim.loop pipe to fzf, as the first argument. Users can write to this pipe using uv.write(pipe, data, callback) and are expected to close the pipe using uv.close(pipe).

    This function can be used for previews that take a long time to render and calculate from neovim.

require("fzf.actions").raw_async_action(fn, [fzf_field_expression])

  • Same as above, except it is not shell-escaped, so you can use it for complicated --bind functions. Take care to escape the result of this function before using it, as it contains spaces and quotes.

Helpers

Asynchronous programming is hard. For the case when you want to accept a shell command, and simply transform each line into another line, nvim-fzf has a helper function that returns a function that asynchronously applies the transformation, which can be passed right into fzf.

require("fzf.helpers").cmd_line_transformer(cmd, fn)

  • cmd
    • if string: the shell command to transform
    • if table: a table taking the following properties
      • cmd.cmd (string): the shell command to transform
      • cmd.cwd (string, optional): the working directory to run the shell script in.
  • fn (function): a function that takes as input a line from the shell command (string) and returns a new line to be sent to fzf (string).
local fzf = require("fzf")
local fzf_helpers = require("fzf.helpers")

coroutine.wrap(function()

  -- the transformation function runs for each line in the command
  local fzf_fn = fzf_helpers.cmd_line_transformer("seq 1000", function(x)
    local n = tonumber(x)
    return tostring(n * n)
  end)

  local choices = fzf.fzf(fzf_fn)

end)()

require("fzf.helpers").choices_to_shell_cmd_previewer(fn, [fzf_field_expression])

  • fn(items, fzf_lines, fzf_cols): A function that is expected to return a shell cmd string to run asynchronously and feed to fzf. This allows the user to use Lua to parse the input from fzf before performantly using an external process to preview the output.

    ```lua local fzf = require("fzf") local helpers = require("fzf.helpers")

coroutine.wrap(function () local action = helpers.choices_to_shell_cmd_previewer(function(items) return "seq " .. vim.fn.shellescape(tostring(items[1])) end) fzf.fzf("seq 1 1000", "--preview=" .. action) end)()


* `fzf_field_expression`: See above

## Examples

**Filetype picker**

![](gifs/example_3.gif)

```lua
local fts = {
"typescript",
"javascript",
"lua",
"python",
"vim",
"markdown",
"sh"
}


coroutine.wrap(function()
local choice = require "fzf".fzf(fts)
if choice then
  vim.cmd(string.format("set ft=%s", choice[1]))
end
end)()

Colorscheme picker

This example provides a live preview of the colorscheme while the user is choosing between them. An example showing the advantages of nvim-fzf and the --preview fzf cli arg.

local action = require("fzf.actions").action

local function get_colorschemes()
  local colorscheme_vim_files = vim.fn.globpath(vim.o.rtp, "colors/*.vim", true, true)
  local colorschemes = {}
  for _, colorscheme_file in ipairs(colorscheme_vim_files) do
    local colorscheme = vim.fn.fnamemodify(colorscheme_file, ":t:r")
    table.insert(colorschemes, colorscheme)
  end
  return colorschemes
end

local function get_current_colorscheme()
  if vim.g.colors_name then
    return vim.g.colors_name
  else
    return 'default'
  end
end


coroutine.wrap(function ()
  local preview_function = action(function (args)
    if args then
      local colorscheme = args[1]
      vim.cmd("colorscheme " .. colorscheme)
    end
  end)

  local current_colorscheme = get_current_colorscheme()
  local choices = fzf(get_colorschemes(), "--preview=" .. preview_function .. " --preview-window right:0") 
  if not choices then
    vim.cmd("colorscheme " .. current_colorscheme)
  else
    vim.cmd("colorscheme" .. choices[1])
  end
end)()

Helptags picker

This is a bit complex example that is completely asynchronous for performance reasons. It also uses the fzf --expect command line flag.

local runtimepaths = vim.api.nvim_list_runtime_paths()
local uv = vim.loop
local fzf = require('fzf').fzf

local function readfilecb(path, callback)
  uv.fs_open(path, "r", 438, function(err, fd)
    if err then
      callback(err)
      return
    end
    uv.fs_fstat(fd, function(err, stat)
      if err then
        callback(err)
        return
      end
      uv.fs_read(fd, stat.size, 0, function(err, data)
        if err then
          callback(err)
          return
        end
        uv.fs_close(fd, function(err)
          if err then
            callback(err)
            return
          end
          return callback(nil, data)
        end)
      end)
    end)
  end)
end

local function readfile(name)
  local co = coroutine.running()
  readfilecb(name, function (err, data)
    coroutine.resume(co, err, data)
  end)
  local err, data = coroutine.yield()
  if err then error(err) end
  return data
end

local function deal_with_tags(tagfile, cb)
  local co = coroutine.running()
  coroutine.wrap(function ()
    local success, data = pcall(readfile, tagfile)
    if success then
      for i, line in ipairs(vim.split(data, "\n")) do
        local items = vim.split(line, "\t")
        -- escape codes for grey
        local tag = string.format("%s\t\27[0;37m%s\27[0m", items[1], items[2])
        local co = coroutine.running()
        cb(tag, function ()
          coroutine.resume(co)
        end)
        coroutine.yield()
      end
    end
    coroutine.resume(co)
  end)()
  coroutine.yield()
end

local fzf_function = function (cb)
  local total_done = 0
  for i, rtp in ipairs(runtimepaths) do
    local tagfile = table.concat({rtp, "doc", "tags"}, "/")
    -- wrapping to make all the file reading concurrent
    coroutine.wrap(function ()
      deal_with_tags(tagfile, cb)
      total_done = total_done + 1
      if total_done == #runtimepaths then
        cb(nil)
      end
    end)()
  end
end

coroutine.wrap(function ()
  local result = fzf(fzf_function, "--nth 1 --ansi --expect=ctrl-t,ctrl-s,ctrl-v")
  if not result then
    return
  end
  local choice = vim.split(result[2], "\t")[1]
  local key = result[1]
  local windowcmd
  if key == "" or key == "ctrl-s" then
    windowcmd = ""
  elseif key == "ctrl-v" then
    windowcmd = "vertical"
  elseif key == "ctrl-t" then
    windowcmd = "tab"
  else
    print("Not implemented!")
    error("Not implemented!")
  end

  vim.cmd(string.format("%s h %s", windowcmd, choice))
end)()

How it works

This plugin uses a temporary named pipe, and uses it to communicate to fzf.

FAQ

  • Does this conflict with fzf.vim?

    This library does not conflict with fzf.vim or the fzf vim API.

  • How do I change the color of the default floating window spawned by fzf.fzf?

    You need to set the winhl option for the default window. You can do this for each command or globally by using the window_on_create option.

    This makes the background of the popup window the same color of the backgrounds of normal windows. Example:

    require("fzf").default_options = {
      window_on_create = function()
        vim.cmd("set winhl=Normal:Normal")
      end
    }