iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim

github github
programming-languages-supportmarkdown-and-latex
stars 6,220
issues 208
subscribers 35
forks 266
CREATED

2018-10-23

UPDATED

7 months ago


Powered by ❤️

Introduction

It only works on Vim >= 8.1 and Neovim

Preview Markdown in your modern browser with synchronised scrolling and flexible configuration.

Main features:

Note the plugin mathjax-support-for-mkdp is not needed for typesetting math.

animation of Markdown Preview with its own README.md

Installation & Usage

Install with vim-plug:

" If you don't have nodejs and yarn
" use pre build, add 'vim-plug' to the filetype list so vim-plug can update this plugin
" see: https://github.com/iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim/issues/50
Plug 'iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim', { 'do': { -> mkdp#util#install() }, 'for': ['markdown', 'vim-plug']}


" If you have nodejs
Plug 'iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim', { 'do': 'cd app && npx --yes yarn install' }

Or install with dein:

call dein#add('iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim', {'on_ft': ['markdown', 'pandoc.markdown', 'rmd'],
                    \ 'build': 'sh -c "cd app && npx --yes yarn install"' })

Or with minpac:

call minpac#add('iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim', {'do': 'packloadall! | call mkdp#util#install()'})

Or with Vundle:

Place this in your .vimrc or init.vim,

Plugin 'iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim'

... then run the following in Vim (to complete the Plugin installation):

:source %
:PluginInstall
:call mkdp#util#install()

Or with lazy.nvim:

Add this in your init.lua or plugins.lua

-- install without yarn or npm
{
    "iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim",
    cmd = { "MarkdownPreviewToggle", "MarkdownPreview", "MarkdownPreviewStop" },
    ft = { "markdown" },
    build = function() vim.fn["mkdp#util#install"]() end,
}

-- install with yarn or npm
{
  "iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim",
  cmd = { "MarkdownPreviewToggle", "MarkdownPreview", "MarkdownPreviewStop" },
  build = "cd app && yarn install",
  init = function()
    vim.g.mkdp_filetypes = { "markdown" }
  end,
  ft = { "markdown" },
},

Or with Packer.nvim:

Add this in your init.lua or plugins.lua

-- install without yarn or npm
use({
    "iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim",
    run = function() vim.fn["mkdp#util#install"]() end,
})

use({ "iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim", run = "cd app && npm install", setup = function() vim.g.mkdp_filetypes = { "markdown" } end, ft = { "markdown" }, })

Or by hand:

use {'iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim'}

add plugin to the ~/.local/share/nvim/site/pack/packer/start/ directory:

cd ~/.local/share/nvim/site/pack/packer/start/
git clone https://github.com/iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim.git
cd markdown-preview.nvim
npx --yes yarn install
npx --yes yarn build

Please make sure that you have installed node.js and yarn. Open nvim and run :PackerInstall to make it workable

MarkdownPreview Config:

" set to 1, nvim will open the preview window after entering the Markdown buffer
" default: 0
let g:mkdp_auto_start = 0

" set to 1, the nvim will auto close current preview window when changing
" from Markdown buffer to another buffer
" default: 1
let g:mkdp_auto_close = 1

" set to 1, Vim will refresh Markdown when saving the buffer or
" when leaving insert mode. Default 0 is auto-refresh Markdown as you edit or
" move the cursor
" default: 0
let g:mkdp_refresh_slow = 0

" set to 1, the MarkdownPreview command can be used for all files,
" by default it can be use in Markdown files only
" default: 0
let g:mkdp_command_for_global = 0

" set to 1, the preview server is available to others in your network.
" By default, the server listens on localhost (127.0.0.1)
" default: 0
let g:mkdp_open_to_the_world = 0

" use custom IP to open preview page.
" Useful when you work in remote Vim and preview on local browser.
" For more details see: https://github.com/iamcco/markdown-preview.nvim/pull/9
" default empty
let g:mkdp_open_ip = ''

" specify browser to open preview page
" for path with space
" valid: `/path/with\ space/xxx`
" invalid: `/path/with\\ space/xxx`
" default: ''
let g:mkdp_browser = ''

" set to 1, echo preview page URL in command line when opening preview page
" default is 0
let g:mkdp_echo_preview_url = 0

" a custom Vim function name to open preview page
" this function will receive URL as param
" default is empty
let g:mkdp_browserfunc = ''

" options for Markdown rendering
" mkit: markdown-it options for rendering
" katex: KaTeX options for math
" uml: markdown-it-plantuml options
" maid: mermaid options
" disable_sync_scroll: whether to disable sync scroll, default 0
" sync_scroll_type: 'middle', 'top' or 'relative', default value is 'middle'
"   middle: means the cursor position is always at the middle of the preview page
"   top: means the Vim top viewport always shows up at the top of the preview page
"   relative: means the cursor position is always at relative positon of the preview page
" hide_yaml_meta: whether to hide YAML metadata, default is 1
" sequence_diagrams: js-sequence-diagrams options
" content_editable: if enable content editable for preview page, default: v:false
" disable_filename: if disable filename header for preview page, default: 0
let g:mkdp_preview_options = {
    \ 'mkit': {},
    \ 'katex': {},
    \ 'uml': {},
    \ 'maid': {},
    \ 'disable_sync_scroll': 0,
    \ 'sync_scroll_type': 'middle',
    \ 'hide_yaml_meta': 1,
    \ 'sequence_diagrams': {},
    \ 'flowchart_diagrams': {},
    \ 'content_editable': v:false,
    \ 'disable_filename': 0,
    \ 'toc': {}
    \ }

" use a custom Markdown style. Must be an absolute path
" like '/Users/username/markdown.css' or expand('~/markdown.css')
let g:mkdp_markdown_css = ''

" use a custom highlight style. Must be an absolute path
" like '/Users/username/highlight.css' or expand('~/highlight.css')
let g:mkdp_highlight_css = ''

" use a custom port to start server or empty for random
let g:mkdp_port = ''

" preview page title
" ${name} will be replace with the file name
let g:mkdp_page_title = '「${name}」'

" use a custom location for images
let g:mkdp_images_path = /home/user/.markdown_images

" recognized filetypes
" these filetypes will have MarkdownPreview... commands
let g:mkdp_filetypes = ['markdown']

" set default theme (dark or light)
" By default the theme is defined according to the preferences of the system
let g:mkdp_theme = 'dark'

" combine preview window
" default: 0
" if enable it will reuse previous opened preview window when you preview markdown file.
" ensure to set let g:mkdp_auto_close = 0 if you have enable this option
let g:mkdp_combine_preview = 0

" auto refetch combine preview contents when change markdown buffer
" only when g:mkdp_combine_preview is 1
let g:mkdp_combine_preview_auto_refresh = 1

Mappings:

" normal/insert
<Plug>MarkdownPreview
<Plug>MarkdownPreviewStop
<Plug>MarkdownPreviewToggle

" example
nmap <C-s> <Plug>MarkdownPreview
nmap <M-s> <Plug>MarkdownPreviewStop
nmap <C-p> <Plug>MarkdownPreviewToggle

Commands:

" Start the preview
:MarkdownPreview

" Stop the preview"
:MarkdownPreviewStop

Custom Examples

Table of contents

one of

${toc}
[[toc]]
[toc]
[[_toc_]]

Image Size:

![image](https://user-images.githubusercontent.com/5492542/47603494-28e90000-da1f-11e8-9079-30646e551e7a.gif =400x200)

PlantUML:

@startuml
Bob -> Alice : hello
@enduml

Or

``` plantuml
Bob -> Alice : hello
```

KaTeX:

$\sqrt{3x-1}+(1+x)^2$

$$\begin{array}{c}

\nabla \times \vec{\mathbf{B}} -\, \frac1c\, \frac{\partial\vec{\mathbf{E}}}{\partial t} &
= \frac{4\pi}{c}\vec{\mathbf{j}}    \nabla \cdot \vec{\mathbf{E}} & = 4 \pi \rho \\

\nabla \times \vec{\mathbf{E}}\, +\, \frac1c\, \frac{\partial\vec{\mathbf{B}}}{\partial t} & = \vec{\mathbf{0}} \\

\nabla \cdot \vec{\mathbf{B}} & = 0

\end{array}$$

mermaid:

``` mermaid
gantt
    dateFormat DD-MM-YYY
    axisFormat %m/%y

    title Example
    section example section
    activity :active, 01-02-2019, 03-08-2019
```

js-sequence-diagrams:

``` sequence-diagrams
Andrew->China: Says
Note right of China: China thinks\nabout it
China-->Andrew: How are you?
Andrew->>China: I am good thanks!
```

Flowchart:

``` flowchart
st=>start: Start|past:>http://www.google.com[blank]
e=>end: End|future:>http://www.google.com
op1=>operation: My Operation|past
op2=>operation: Stuff|current
sub1=>subroutine: My Subroutine|invalid
cond=>condition: Yes
or No?|approved:>http://www.google.com
c2=>condition: Good idea|rejected
io=>inputoutput: catch something...|future

st->op1(right)->cond
cond(yes, right)->c2
cond(no)->sub1(left)->op1
c2(yes)->io->e
c2(no)->op2->e
```

dot:

``` dot
digraph G {

  subgraph cluster_0 {
    style=filled;
    color=lightgrey;
    node [style=filled,color=white];
    a0 -> a1 -> a2 -> a3;
    label = "process #1";
  }

  subgraph cluster_1 {
    node [style=filled];
    b0 -> b1 -> b2 -> b3;
    label = "process #2";
    color=blue
  }
  start -> a0;
  start -> b0;
  a1 -> b3;
  b2 -> a3;
  a3 -> a0;
  a3 -> end;
  b3 -> end;

  start [shape=Mdiamond];
  end [shape=Msquare];
}
```

chart:

``` chart
{
  "type": "pie",
  "data": {
    "labels": [
      "Red",
      "Blue",
      "Yellow"
    ],
    "datasets": [
      {
        "data": [
          300,
          50,
          100
        ],
        "backgroundColor": [
          "#FF6384",
          "#36A2EB",
          "#FFCE56"
        ],
        "hoverBackgroundColor": [
          "#FF6384",
          "#36A2EB",
          "#FFCE56"
        ]
      }
    ]
  },
  "options": {}
}
```

FAQ

Why is the synchronised scrolling lagging?

Set updatetime to a small number, for instance: set updatetime=100

WSL 2 issue: Can not open browser when using WSL 2 with terminal Vim.

if you are using Ubuntu you can install xdg-utils using sudo apt-get install -y xdg-utils checkout issue 199 for more detail.

How can I change the dark/light theme?

The default theme is based on your system preferences. There is a button hidden in the header to change the theme. Place your mouse over the header to reveal it.

How can I pass CLI options to the browser, like opening in a new window?

Answer: Add the following to your Neovim init script:

Linux

  function OpenMarkdownPreview (url)
    execute "silent ! firefox --new-window " . a:url
  endfunction
  let g:mkdp_browserfunc = 'OpenMarkdownPreview'

Replace firefox with chrome if you prefer. Both browsers recognize the --new-window option.

macOS

  function OpenMarkdownPreview (url)
    execute "silent ! open -a Firefox -n --args --new-window " . a:url
  endfunction
  let g:mkdp_browserfunc = 'OpenMarkdownPreview'

Replace Firefox with Google\ Chrome or Brave\ Browser if you prefer. They all recognize the --new-window option.

About Vim Support

Vim support is powered by @chemzqm/neovim

References

Buy Me A Coffee ☕️

btc

WeChat and AliPay